Breathalyzer in Mexico
Traffic accidents as a result of breathalyzer are a public health problem in the world. For this reason, in different countries including Mexico, awareness programs have been implemented to not driving under the influence of alcohol and thus reduce the rates of mortality and serious injuries derived from this problem.
Since 2009, the National Council for the Prevention of Accidents (CONAPRA) and the state coordinators of the agency, launched a comprehensive program that seeks to address this health problem. The project includes surveillance mechanisms both for businesses that sell alcohol and for the people who consume it. To do this, random road operations in different cities of the country and at strategic points that regulate the circulation of cars driven by alcoholic individuals.
According to figures from the World Health Organization (WHO), the level of mortality and disability due to road accidents mainly affects the young population, since around 20 thousand people die a year in an age range of 17 and 44 years, prevailing the masculine gender. In addition, it is one of the main causes of mortality in the country and the first of orphans.
The National Alcoholimetry Program, better known as Breathalyser, has the objective of reducing the fatal consequences caused by road accidents under the effects of toxic substances such as alcohol. Since the effects that this substance has on the physical and cognitive abilities of individuals alters the ability to react to situations behind the wheel that require full attention.
What is the degree of alcohol allowed by the Breathalyzer?
The Breathalyzer program supports zero tolerance for public transportation drivers and for motorists under the age of 21 with a driver’s permit or license. For people over the age of 21, the breath alcohol limit can be up to 0.07 mg / L; however, the effects may be different for people no matter how much is drunk.
Faced with this controversy, the breathalyzer program establishes the penalties as follows depending on the degree of breathalyzer:
|Breathalyzer degree mg / L||Classification||Penalty|
|0.01 to 0.07||Tolerance||No penalty|
|0.08 to 0.19||Alcoholic breath||10 minimum wages|
|0.20 to 0.39||Full drunk||30 minimum wages|
|0.40 onwards||Not fit to drive||150 minimum wages, unchangeable arrest and referral to the corralón|
What drinks can be taken to pass the Breathalyzer?
The tolerance of each person to a glass of liquor is different, since it depends on their characteristics such as age, gender, condition and physical activity, state of health and mood, as well as those of the environment. Coupled with the speed, the amount consumed and the level of water that exists in the intoxicating drink.
Therefore, it is important to consider that an individual will be affected by drinking one beer in a different way than another, so it is recommended that regardless of the person, if you are going to drive it is preferable not to consume alcoholic beverages.
|Comparison of types of drinks|
|Drink||% alcohol||Portion size||ml of alcohol|
|Beer (can)||5%||355 ml||17.75|
|Light beer||3.5%||355 ml||12.43|
|Wine glass||12%||148 ml||17.75|
|Liquors 1 measure||40%||44 ml||17.75|
According to health organizations, approximately 80% alcohol ingested is absorbed directly by the bloodstream, Meanwhile he twenty% remaining for stomach. And on average, the body metabolizes an intoxicating drink approximately 50 minutes after it has been drunk. This is why, regardless of whether only one drink was drunk, it will take to leave the human system in about 2 hours, depending on the characteristics of the individual.
How does the Breathalyzer work?
CONAPRA, in collaboration with the Ministry of Roads in the different states of the Republic, puts road surveillance operations in different parts of the cities, sometimes these have a fixed point established, but in general they are done randomly and without prior notice to the drivers.
Breathalyzer measurement parameters in motorists are determined based on various units of measurement that are:
|Measurement units||Alcohol weight per liter||Weight of alcohol per in 210 Lts||% diluted alcohol in the bloodstream|
|In the blood||0.80 g / L (per liter of blood)||–||0.080% BAC|
|In the breath||0.40 mg / L (per liter of exhaled breath)||0.019 g / 210L (per liter of exhaled breath)||–|
The National Alcoholimetry Program works with measurement equipment that determines the amount of alcohol What is there in the breath of a person and based on the standards of the Project of Norm PROY-NMX-153-IMNC-2005, which uses equipment that has electrochemical combustion cells or infrared detection of alcohol.
The electrochemical combustion cell runs a system that measures the percentage of oxidation of the substance when it is analyzed. The alcohol particle is oxidized at the platinum electrode anode, while the oxygen in the environment of the device is reduced by a second cathode. The process produces a result by means of an electrical current that measures the volume of alcohol in the breath in approximately 30 seconds.
Checkpoints are established in certain places in accordance with the criteria of highest incidence of road accidents, speeding, frequency of violence related to alcohol, nightlife areas such as restaurants, bars or clubs. The operation has the support of traffic officers, patrols, cranes, medical personnel, and representatives of citizen and human rights councils.
The procedure to be followed according to CONAPRA is:
- Establishment of the checkpoint respecting the norm.
- Random selection of vehicles according to the guidelines established by CONAPRA for the detection of alcohol symptoms.
- Initial interview to determine if the driver is subject to the breathalyzer test.
- If the individual tests positive, they are requested to relocate their unit within the confines of the checkpoint.
- A breath sample is taken to determine the alcohol level. If the motorist comes to present negative for the test, the authorities are empowered to send the vehicle to the corralón and raise a fine.
The financial penalty for driving under the influence of alcohol can go up up to 40 thousand pesos in some states of the country, in addition to the physical retention of the offender at the Center for Administrative Sanctions and Social Integration, “Torito “, plus the referral to the corral. Drivers can be protected from physical punishment through a legal recourse and later a civic trial, however the monetary punishment will have to be solved.
Although, there are digital means such as the Waze app to locate the surprises of the Breathalyzer and it is driven by alternative roads, the social and moral responsibility of driving under the influence of alcohol is final to the person, since the probabilities of causing an accident that can lead to death or permanent disability of a person are tall.
For this reason, it is highly recommended that if you drink alcoholic beverages you do not drive, since physical abilities are diminished if you are intoxicated.
Does the Auto Insurance support in case of falling into the Breathalyzer?
Some insurance companies have roadside assistance in case of being in an inconvenient condition, in which the insured can request the transfer from wherever they are to their home. It should be noted that the number of times that you can request this support is limited within the term of the contract, so it is preferable that if you are going to consume alcohol you leave your car at home or designate a responsible driver.
It is also to consider that depending on the conditions of the insurer, it can support in the event of an accident due to the contractor’s drunkenness, as well as take the car out of the corral and pay the fine for the Breathalyzer, but before assuming that the auto insurance To protect this situation, it is convenient to ask directly at the institution since it is often a reason for exclusion.